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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
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21st Century Paradigm
Change in Performance
and Design Metrics

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Linda C. Casola, Rapporteur

Defense Materials Manufacturing and Infrastructure Standing Committee

National Materials and Manufacturing Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by Contract No. W911NF-10-C-0098 between the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the Department of Defense. Any opinions, findings, or conclusions expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-47564-8
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-47564-3
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25105

Cover: Designed performance will enable new, extreme frontiers. Today, a paradigm change is happening. New design tools, new manufacturing methods, and new ways of using digital information will soon take materials to an extreme new level, as in this inferno-like image. Graphic artist: Erik B. Svedberg.

Additional copies of this summary are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.ybmnrd.live/.

Copyright 2019 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25105.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×

Image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×

Image

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×

DEFENSE MATERIALS MANUFACTURING AND INFRASTRUCTURE STANDING COMMITTEE

MICHAEL F. McGRATH, McGrath Analytics, LLC, Chair

VALERIE BROWNING, ValTech Solutions, LLC

JESUS M. DE LA GARZA, Virginia Tech

ROSARIO A. GERHARDT, Georgia Institute of Technology

PAUL J. KERN, NAE,1 The Cohen Group

ROBERT H. LATIFF, R. Latiff Associates

E. WARD PLUMMER, NAS,2 Louisiana State University

ROBERT E. SCHAFRIK, NAE, GE Aviation

DENISE SWINK, Independent Consultant

A. GALIP ULSOY, NAE, University of Michigan

HAYDEN N.G. WADLEY, University of Virginia

Staff

JAMES C. LANCASTER, Acting Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board

ERIK B. SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer

LINDA C. CASOLA, Rapporteur

HEATHER LOZOWSKI, Financial Manager

NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Program Assistant

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×

NATIONAL MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING BOARD

ROBERT E. SCHAFRIK, NAE,1 GE Aviation, Chair

MICHAEL BASKES, NAE, Mississippi State University

JIM C.I. CHANG, National Cheng Kung University

JENNIE S. HWANG, NAE, H-Technologies Group

SANDRA HYLAND, Consultant

SUNDARESAN JAYARAMAN, Georgia Institute of Technology

ROBERT H. LATIFF, R. Latiff Associates

MICHAEL F. McGRATH, McGrath Analytics, LLC

CELIA MERZBACHER, Semiconductor Research Corporation

EDWARD MORRIS, National Center for Defense Manufacturing

VINCENT RUSSO, Aerospace Technologies Associates, LLC

GREG TASSEY, University of Washington

HAYDEN N.G. WADLEY, University of Virginia

BEN WANG, Georgia Tech Manufacturing Institute

Staff

JAMES C. LANCASTER, Acting Director

ERIK B. SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer

HEATHER LOZOWSKI, Financial Manager

NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Assistant Program Officer

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Program Assistant

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×

Acknowledgments

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Sylvia M. Johnson, NASA Ames Research Center. She was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×

The committee is also grateful to Michelle Schwalbe in the Division of Engineering and Physical Sciences for additional guidance in the drafting of the manuscript.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 21st Century Paradigm Change in Performance and Design Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25105.
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Page R10
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In September 2015, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a two-day workshop on evolving paradigms for design and manufacturing. Participants discussed ways to lower costs and shorten production time in defense systems while bringing materials and manufacturing alternatives into the tradespace. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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